Canada is known as a country with a broad immigration policy which is reflected in Canada's ethnic diversity. Migration to Canada is rooted in a particular set of policies and institutions where legal systems, public policy, and political structures encourage engagement and membership. There are four broad categories of migration to Canada:
The relationship between Canada and IOM goes back to 1951 when Canada, along with the United States and a number of European countries, became a founding member of IOM. This cooperation has continued since then with the two cooperating closely for assistance in migration movements to Canada. Between 1952 and the end of 1989, IOM assisted in the movement of over 460,000 persons to Canada. The 1970s and 1980s was a period of significant expansion in Canada’s immigration activities and the involvement with IOM on operational issues in support of migration to Canada became very comprehensive.
Citizenship & Immigration Canada (CIC) relies on IOM to provide transportation, health services and orientation services related to migration. Other government departments, specifically Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), Foreign Affairs & International Trade (DFAIT) and Human Resources & Skills Development Canada (HRSDC), also partner directly with IOM to conduct specific projects in a variety of countries. More recently, provinces and private industry have begun to engage IOM to deliver services related to provincial nominees and temporary workers. In June 2012, the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) and IOM jointly launched the Assisted Voluntary Return and Reintegration (AVRR) pilot programme from the Greater Toronto Area (GTA).